Hi, @729. That is a very good question, and I’m glad you asked. There will be a full blog on this out soon.
In the meantime, a validator node is a node run by a member of the Libra Association, and it validates transactions as part of the consensus process. It accepts transactions from clients and inserts them into the Libra Blockchain. It’s focused primarily on writes.
A full node can be run by anybody. It validates transactions as a part of synchronizing the Libra Blockchain from validators. And it’s focused primarily on reads.
Look for the detailed blog soon!